labrum


labrum
1. labrum, ī, n., Lefze, Lippe, labrum superius, Oberlippe, Caes.: inferius, Unterlippe, Petron. u. Mart. Cap.: labra resima (eines Hundes), Varro: labra trementia, Cic.: labra improbiora, Charis.: labra comprimere, Sen.: paulipser labra comprimere (Ggstz. hiare), Macr.: vix allevare labra, vix diducere labra, Sen.: labra lambere, Quint.: labra mordere, in die L. beißen, Quint.: labra (irati) quatiuntur (zittern), Sen.: adorandi gratiā, manum labris admovere, Apul. – hunc censes primis, ut dicitur, labris gustasse physiologiam, sprichw. = nur oberflächlich beschäftigt mit usw., Cic. de nat. deor. 1, 20: u. so equidem multos et vidi in hac civitate et audivi, non modo qui primoribus labris gustassent genus hoc vitae et extremis, ut dicitur, digitis attigissent, sed qui totam adulescentiam voluptatibus dedissent, Cic. Cael. 28: philosophiae studia ne primoribus quidem labris attigisse, Cic. de or. 1, 78. – non a summis labris ista venerunt (sind nicht so obenhin gesprochen), habent hae voces fundamentum, Sen. ep. 10, 3. – non in pectore, sed in labris habere bonitatem, Lact. 3, 16, 4. – linere alci labra, jmdm. etwas weiß machen, Mart. 3, 42, 2. – übtr., labrum Venereum, labrum Veneris, eine Pflanze = δίψακος, Weberdistel, Weberkarde (Dipsacus fullonum, L.), Plin. 25, 171. Ser. Samm. 1008. – meton., Rand eines Gefäßes, Cato u. Caes.:
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des Grabens, Caes. u. Liv.: labra fontis, Plin.: in summo labro fluminis, Sisenn. fr.
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2. lābrum, ī, n. (Schnellsprechform von lavabrum), ein Gefäß mit vollem, rundem Rande, das Becken, die Wanne, a) in der Landwirtsch., culleare, Cato: fictilia et lapidea labra, für das vom lacus abgezogene Öl, Colum. – zum Austreten der Trauben, Kufe, spumat plenis vindemia labris, Verg. georg. 2, 6. – b) ein Wasserbecken, Bassin, labra aëna, Verg. Aen. 8, 22: marmoreo labro aqua exundat, Plin. ep. 5, 6, 20: marmorea duo labra ante fornicem posuit, Liv. 37, 3, 7: unda labris nitentibus instat, Stat. silv. 1, 5, 49. – c) großes flaches Becken im Bade, aus dem man sich besprengte, Vitr. 5, 10, 4. Ulp. dig. 19, 1, 15: labrum si in balineo non est, Cic. ep. 14, 20. – dah. meton. (poet.), labra Dianae, das Bad der D., Ov. fast. 4, 761.

Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch von Karl Ernst Georges. 2002.

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